Lord Buddha was born to mother Mayadevi in Lumbini Nepal while going to her maternal home in Devadaha. According to various Buddhist literatures newly-born Sakyamuni Buddha had walked seven steps so it is believed that the Buddha was born with divine power and talents. Hence Buddhism is considered to have propounded along with birth of the Buddha. The Buddha was born on Baisakh Purnima (full moon day of first month of Nepali calendar) of 623 BC. He got enlightenment on Baisakh Purnima of 588 BC and entered into Mahaparinirvana (demise) on Baisakh Purnima of 543 BC. Baisakh Purnima is therefore, the threefold blessed day, the day of the Buddha's birth, enlightenment and passing away. The birth anniversary of Sakyamuni Buddha is celebrated with a great pump throughout world by organizing various programs. To publicize and promote the Buddha and his teachings in national and international levels, Government of Nepal organized First World Buddhist Summit in 1998, followed by hosting of First International Buddhist Conference 2001, Second World Buddhist Summit 2004, and Second International Buddhist Conference 2018. The Government of Nepal has also established Gautama Buddha International Award in 2011 and commenced to award from the same year. To further accelerate the promotion of Buddhism and Lumbini, the government organized Visit Lumbini Year in 2012.
Nepal is celebrating 2564th Buddha (Jayanti) Anniversary with various programmes on the full moon day of Baisakh (April/May). Rt. Honorable Prime Minister and Patron of Lumbini Development Trust has expressed a firm commitment to celebrate Buddha Jayanti program in international level amid active participation of national and international dignitaries and stakeholders to further promote Lumbini Nepal and Buddhism. Since 2560th and 2562nd Buddha Jayanti programs were celebrated in a grand manner in the participation of international dignitaries and representatives with a slogan, "Lumbini, Nepal-The Birthplace of Lord Buddha and the Fountain of Buddhism and World Peace" in order to promote welfare of world and non-violence, fraternity and harmony, the meeting of Lumbini Development Trust Executive Committee held on Dec. 1, 2019 under chairmanship of Honorable Yogesh Bhattarai, the Minister of Culture, Tourism and Civil Aviation and Chairman of Lumbini Development Trust, has decided to grandly celebrate 2564th Buddha Jayanti by organizing 3rd International Buddhist Conference in the participation of international delegates and representatives.